Aircraft Weight and Balance Principles (LOD01)


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Learn about weight and balance principles. Discover the terminology used in load planning documentation and the importance of W&B procedures.

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IATA AHM1110 11.5 LOD01 | Approx. 2 hours | Self-study online

This course will provide participants with an understanding of weight and balance principles. They will become familiar with the terminology used in load planning and appreciate the consequences of an overweight or out-of-balance aircraft. Candidates will learn how aircraft weight is calculated, how to communicate fuel figures, and how to consider aircraft structural limitations.

This is designed to provide an awareness and appreciation of weight and balance, ideal for those responsible for aircraft loading or turnaround management. Staff responsible for creating and calculating load plans and load sheets will require further training.

Our course content is aligned to the requirements of the IATA AHM Chapter 11 – Ground Operations Training Program.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of this course, learners will be able to:

  • Identify basic fuel, weight and balance terminology used in load planning.
  • Recognise the importance of accuracy in weight and balance calculations.
  • Explain the elements that build up aircraft weight calculations.


  • Theory of flight
  • The four forces
  • Flight controls
  • Consequences of an overweight or out-of-balance aircraft
  • Structural Weights
  • Standard and Actual Weights
  • Fuel
  • Principles of Balance
  • Structural Strength Limits


Who should do this course?

This course is designed for employees who work in airport ground operational roles. For example:

  • Aircraft Dispatcher
  • Turnaround Co-ordinator
  • Turnaround Manager
  • Ramp Team Leader
  • Operations Assistant/Supervisor


This course is suitable for those with no prior knowledge. To access the content, learners must have access to the Internet and an individual email address.


This course contains a multiple-choice quiz, completed online and graded immediately with a passing score of 80%. It can be re-attempted in the event of a failure, and tutor support can be provided upon request.


This course includes a PDF certificate that is available for immediate download upon successful completion.